UTC 0800:  Lecture 1
UTC 1720:  Lecture 10

Supporting subjective reporting with objective findings post treatment in the cervical spine

  • Precious L. Barnes, DO, MS, MS

    Family Medicine-Board Certified (BC)
    Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine
    Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine (BC)

Skagit Valley Hospital
Mount Vernon, WA 98274


The treatment of acute and chronic pain using manual medicine has been subjectively documented for over a century. There is substantial research supporting the success of treating pain using manual medicine techniques; however, much of the research has been the analysis of subjective data. While subjective data alone is invaluable, collecting evidence based objective data in conjunction with subjective data would be more beneficial. With the assistance of The Ultralign SA201® system (Sigma Instruments; Cranberry, PA; USA) documenting quantifiable change in tissue hysteresis, has been made possible. 200 subjects were treated in the cervical spine with 4 different osteopathic manipulative treatment techniques and one sham treatment. Subjects were measured pre and post treatment with the Ultralign SA201® to assess for hysteresis changes in the cervical spine. A post treatment questionnaire was also given to each subject for assessment of the treatment. With the advancement of technology, objective measures were able to be used to support subjective findings.

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1997 – 2001 Bachelor of Science
Houghton College Houghton, NY USA Major: Biology Minor: Flute

2002 - 2005 Masters in Biomedical Sciences
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine Philadelphia, PA USA

2005 - 2006 Spanish Translation Program
LaSalle University Philadelphia, PA USA

2006 - 2011 Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
Masters Neuromuscular Skeletal Science Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine Philadelphia, PA USA

2011 - present  PhD Candidate Physical Medicine and Rehab
University of Eastern Finland Kuopio, Finland

2012 - 2015 Family Medicine Residency
University Hospitals Regional Hospitals a Campus of Richmond Heights Cleveland, OH USA

2015 - 2016 Training in Health Policy Studies (TIPs)
Fellowship New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, NY USA

2015 - 2016 NMM/OMM +1 Residency
University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine, Biddeford, ME USA